Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is also known as edema, which refers to an accumulation of fluid in this part of the body. The most common cause of ankle swelling is due to some degree of venous (circulation) or lymphatic damage.
Leg heaviness, or a sensation of aching fatigue in the legs, can be due to multiple cause including muscular disorders, joint issues, and circulatory disorders. A very common cause is venous insufficiency, or vein disease.
Cramping is often thought to be caused by deficiency of potassium or dehydration, while true this is not the most common cause. Most people who have reoccurring day or night leg cramps have a circulation problem.
Venous stasis dermatitis happens when there’s a problem with veins which keep the blood from moving through very well, usually in the lower legs. As more fluid and pressure build, some of the blood leaks out of your veins and into your skin. The condition is also called venous eczema or stasis dermatitis. It’s more common in people who are 50 or older but can be found in any age group.
Varicose veins are tortuous, enlarged veins. Any superficial vein may become varicosed, but the veins most commonly affected are those in your legs. Varicose veins are caused when there is high pressure in leg veins.